Vision Engineering Solutions presents a comprehensive approach to augment both the optical and radar capabilities of current Space Surveillance Networks (SSNs). Augmenting the optical capability will allow tracking, identification and characterization of objects that have little to no radar cross-section. Augmenting radar observations with optical observations allows for better identification and characterization of larger space objects. This methodology is different than other approaches as it does not rely on using the largest possible aperture like SST. It relies on an integrated approach that takes into consideration sensor design, data collection, and analysis.
Since our approach relies on smaller (1m class) aperture systems, it is applicable to ground or space based implementations. VES proposes not only conventional imaging sensors, but also unconventional sensors such as polarization, Laser Detection and Ranging (LADAR) and high-speed radiometry. Data fusion of optical and radar data combines the advantages of both types of data: the high angular accuracy of optical data and the high range and Doppler accuracy of radar data. The proposed optical system can determine the position of objects in orbit with an elevation and azimuth tolerance better than 0.0001°, which means that it can determine the angular position of a satellite in LEO to within about a meter.
Modeling and simulation plays an important role as it is used for sensor design, data analysis and orbit determination. Areas that fall under this category are: space object modeling, atmospheric modeling, sensor modeling and SSN modeling. SSN modeling includes satellite drag, visibility, and network simulation for sensor scheduling. Finally, modeling and simulation based approaches are used for identification, discrimination and characterization of space objects.
The proposed solution uses a multi-pronged approach to optical surveillance:
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Radiometric and Metric data for engine (or total system) performance
Satellite orbit determination
Initial orbit determination
Continuous or period updates
Satellite Health Monitoring
Initial orbit determination
Monitoring for damage (long term monitoring)
On-orbit RCS engine burns (including quick ephemeris recalculation)
LEO to GEO transfer orbit monitoring for
Conjunction analysis and prediction
Continuous prediction using catalog data
refined predictions using on-demand measurements of conjunction objects
Satellite Laser Communications
Ground to LEO lasercomm
Ground to GEO lasercomm
Vision Engineering Solutions, LLC is an award-winning team of experienced professionals providing advanced sensing solutions for defense, aerospace, and industrial applications.
2405 N Courtenay Pkwy, Suite 202
Merritt Island, FL 32953